What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes either occurs when the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. Insulin is the hormone responsible for regulating the amount of glucose in the blood.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
What are type 2 diabetes symptoms?
Diabetes symptoms occur when glucose stays in the blood and isn’t used as fuel for energy. In order to regulate this, your body tries to reduce glucose levels by expelling glucose in your urine.
Typical type 2 diabetes symptoms are:
- Feeling very thirsty
- Passing urine more frequently than normal, especially at night
- Weight loss and loss of muscle mass
It is important that you see your GP if you have any of these symptoms. When undiagnosed diabetes gets progressively worse, so it’s vital that you get diagnosed as soon as possible.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes causes are often attributed to age and weight. Type 2 diabetes is common in older people as well as in people that are obese.
Type 2 diabetes either occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin or when the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.
How do you treat type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is treated with medication that works to regulate blood glucose levels. Typically, Glucophage (Metformin) is the first medication prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes. Glucophage is the brand name version of the generic medication. Januvia is another medication that is used to treat type 2 diabetes.
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is much less common than type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, while type 2 diabetes occurs when the body fails to use insulin the right way (insulin resistance).