What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a common long-term skin condition. Rosacea mainly affects the skin on the face. While it is quite a common skin infection, rosacea isn’t well understood. Rosacea is a chronic and incurable condition that affects a large portion of the population.
What are the symptoms of rosacea?
Rosacea symptoms begin with episodes of flushing, but other symptoms can develop as the condition progresses. Other rosacea symptoms include:
- Permanent redness on face
- Spots (papules and pustules)
- Small blood vessels in the skin becoming visible
- Burning and stinging sensations
- Dry, red, irritated eyes
- Coarser and thicker skin with a bumpy texture
- Enlarged nose - this is rare and more common in men than in women
What causes rosacea?
The exact cause of rosacea is unknown. However, there are a few possible factors that could contribute to your likelihood of having rosacea. A few rosacea triggers have been identified. These may make rosacea worse. If you have rosacea you may be able to identify some of the following as your rosacea triggers:
- Exposure to sunlight
- Strenuous exercise
- Hot or cold weather
- Hot drinks
- Specific foods, such as spicy foods
What is a common rosacea treatment?
There is no cure for rosacea, just medicines to help manage symptoms. Metronidazole gels, like Metrogel, Rozex 0.75% and Mirvaso Gel, are clinically proven to help rosacea. Some acne medications, such as Oxytetracycline or Lymecycline, can also be used to help treat rosacea symptoms.
In addition to prescription medications, there are some self-help measures you can take to help alleviate rosacea symptoms. This involves avoiding some known rosacea triggers. Alcohol and caffeine have been identified as two of the more common rosacea triggers.
What can you do to prevent rosacea?
You cannot prevent rosacea. However, you can take medication and avoid known triggers to help improve your symptoms. Some of the most common rosacea triggers include alcohol, caffeine, and stress. Doing your best to avoid these can help manage your symptoms.