What is Chloramphenicol 1% eye ointment?
Chloramphenicol 1% is an ointment used in the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis is an eye infection with various symptoms including red, bloodshot eyes, a sticky discharge of pus and a gritty feeling when you blink.
How does Chloramphenicol 1% eye ointment work?
Chloramphenicol eye ointment contains an active ingredient called chloramphenicol which treats bacterial eye infections. Chloramphenicol is a broad spectrum antibiotic, meaning it is effective against a range of different bacteria.
How do you use Chloramphenicol 1% eye ointment?
Always use Chloramphenicol ointment as directed by your doctor or pharmacist. Read the patient information leaflet in full before using this treatment.
To use the ointment, gently pull the lower eyelid down, then squeeze a 1cm long strip of ointment into the eye. Close your eyes to spread the ointment over the surface of the eyeball. Do this 3-4 times a day over the course of 5 days. Continue using this ointment for 48 hours after your symptoms have cleared up, but for no longer than 5 days in total.
Don’t wear contact lenses when using this ointment as they can make the symptoms of your eye infection worse. You can wear your contact lenses again 24 hours after finishing your treatment.
Don’t touch your eye with the nozzle of the tube when you’re applying the ointment. This ointment is not suitable for use if the tube has been open for 28 days or longer.
How effective is Chloramphenicol 1% eye ointment?
Chloramphenicol eye ointment is a clinically proven treatment for bacterial eye infections. It won’t work with viral infections, so it’s important to only use this for an infection caused by bacteria rather than a virus.
Conjunctivitis is easily spread, but there are ways to prevent it. Be sure to wash your hands regularly and don’t share towels or pillows with someone who is infected.
What are the main side effects of Chloramphenicol 1% eye ointment?
Like all medicines, Chloramphenicol ointment can cause side effects, although not everyone will experience them. The most common side effects of Chloramphenicol are:
- Redness and itching in the eyes
- Eyelid swelling
- Other more serious allergic reactions causing symptoms including swelling of the face and neck and breathing difficulties.
For a list of further Chloramphenicol side effects, please see the patient information leaflet.