What is acne?
Acne is a disease that affects the skin’s oil glands. Simply put, acne occurs when the pores on the skin become blocked. These blockages are caused by oil, dead skin, or bacteria. Acne is often referred to as pimples or spots.
What are the symptoms of acne?
Acne symptoms may vary from person to person and depending on the severity of your condition. Typically, acne is characterised by:
- Whiteheads (closed clogged pores)
- Blackheads (open clogged pores)
- Small red, tender bumps (papules)
- Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
- Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
- Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)
What causes acne?
A number of factors can cause acne. Teenage acne is thought to be triggered by an increase in testosterone during puberty. Acne can also be genetic. If your parents had acne, it’s likely that you’ll develop it as well.
Over 80% of adult acne occurs in women. Adult acne is likely caused by the normal hormonal fluctuations that women experience. These fluctuations are typically caused by menstruation, pregnancy, or polycystic ovary syndrome. Smoking can also trigger adult acne.
Some medications may also contribute to acne, as well as some make-up products.
How can you treat acne?
While there are a wide variety of over-the-counter treatments available for acne, prescription medications offer clinically proven treatments to manage acne. Prescription medications that can be used to treat acne include:
- Topical retinoids
- Topical antibiotics
- Azelaic acid
- Antibiotic tablets
- For women, the combined oral contraceptive pill
- Isotretinoin tablets
There’s no way to determine what the best acne treatment in the world is as everyone’s skin responds differently to different products. The best acne treatment for you might not be the best acne treatment for someone else. For this reason, we offer a wide range of acne medication to ensure that there is something to meet your skin’s needs.
Many patients feel that finding the best adult acne treatment product for them comes down to a lot of trial and error.
How can you try to prevent acne?
Acne can’t be cured. Most people are likely to experience some form of acne in their lives. Preventing acne is a huge part of treatment and often requires some form of skin care routine.
Stopping smoking can help improve signs of adult acne as smoking has been directly attributed to causing adult acne.
In addition, blackhead removal such as squeezing blackheads, whiteheads and spots is damaging to the skin and can lead to scarring.