Type 2 Diabetes Treatments
It is estimated that 4.7 million people have diabetes, with 90% of those having type 2 diabetes. (Diabetes.org.uk, 2019) Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and can be a lifelong condition in some cases. Type 2 diabetes is when the body cannot make a sufficient amount of insulin or the body cannot react to insulin when it is produced due to the body’s cells not behaving as they should. Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is when the insulin-producing cells in the body have been destroyed and the body cannot produce any insulin at all. Those diagnosed with type 1 diabetes have to manage their condition with insulin injections for the rest of their lives.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatments
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity and poor diet; however, genetics and other environmental factors can also contribute to someone developing type 2 diabetes. The vast majority of people will need to take medication to manage their diabetes, but changing your diet and being active can also help to keep your blood sugar levels under control.
Type 2 Diabetes Medications
Diabetes medication helps to keep your blood sugar levels at a normal level. When these levels are too high for too long it can cause serious complications, such as kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, stroke and issues with your eyes. People with type 2 diabetes are also at risk of having limbs, especially feet, amputated, due to nerve and blood vessel damage caused by prolonged high blood sugars.
There are a number of different kinds of medication available for treating type 2 diabetes, which include:
Belonging to a group of medications called oral hypoglycaemics, Metformin works by reducing the level of sugar in the blood. This type of medication is used for those who are overweight, obese or where it’s not possible to control the condition through diet and exercise alone. It can be used in conjunction with other type 2 diabetic medication, such as insulin or sulfonylureas. It may be possible for us to prescribe you with Metformin following a brief online consultation. Contact us to find out more.
This type of medication is taken as a daily tablet to help manage type 2 diabetes, along with changes to the patient’s diet and exercise habits. Januvia works with your body’s own ability to enhance its ability to lower its blood sugar to a healthy level. Januvia can only be used by those who have type 2 diabetes and not by those with type 1 diabetes. It might be possible for us to prescribe you with Januvia following a brief online consultation. Contact us to find out more.
A medication that you inject, Byetta is in a class of medications known as incretin mimetics. It works by increasing the amount of insulin from the pancreas and reduces the amount of glucagon (the hormone which raises blood sugar levels). It also reduces the absorption of glucose from the bloodstream to the gut.
Another medication that you need to inject, Victoza is known as a GLP-1 analogue and is used to specifically treat type 2 diabetes. Also known as Liraglutide, Victoza works over a 24-hour period, so will only need to be injected once a day. This medication works by stimulating the release of insulin and suppresses glucagon, which raises the body’s blood sugar levels. It also delays the gut absorption of glucose.
Some people with type 2 diabetes will need to take insulin to help control their blood sugar levels. Insulin works by lowering the blood glucose levels.
Side Effects of Diabetes Medication
There are a number of different types of medications for type 2 diabetes, far more than are listed above. Check with your doctor or pharmacist regarding the side-effects of the specific diabetes medication you have been prescribed.
Metformin and Januvia are two of the most common diabetic medications in the UK and can be obtained from Instant eCare.
The potential side-effects of Metformin can include:
- Appetite loss
There are some serious, but rare, side-effects from taking Metformin, which may include:
- Change in sense of taste
- Liver problems
- Unexplained weight gain or weight loss
- Lactic acidosis which is a build up of lactate and can cause nausea, vomiting and laboured breathing. If you think you are experiencing lactic acidosis as a result of taking Metformin then consult your doctor
- Low levels of vitamin B12
The possible side-effects of taking Januvia include:
- Stomach ache
- Diarrhoea or Constipation
- Stuffy or runny nose and sore throat
- Joint pain
- Being sick or vomiting
- Slow or slurred speech
- Abdominal pain that goes through to your back
As a fully registered pharmacy, Instant eCare can prescribe you type 2 diabetes medication such as Januvia and Metformin, once you have had a fully confidential online consultation.
Diabetes.org.uk, 2019, Us, Diabetes and a lot of facts and stats, [Online]. (Last updated 1 June 2017) [Accessed 23 April 2019] Available at https://www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2019-02/1362B_Facts%20and%20stats%20Update%20Jan%202019_LOW%20RES_EXTERNAL.pdf